7 Apr 2015

Our life with robots

Submitted by tipsuser

Our life with robots
Surgery performed by robotic arms capable of unbelievably fine movements. Industrial robots, which raises, moves, welded, cut and stick, replacing the arms of dozens of workers. Toys shockingly faithful mimics the appearance of all kinds of animals, but they are all robots, large or small, from robotic chicken, animatronic dinosaurs to enormous. Military robots, robots used in rescue robots sent into space exploration missions ... robots are among us, by us, we live near them, sometimes without realizing how common is their presence. And in recent years, the daily presence of a constant companion robot, living a man's house, there is a projection SF, but a more widespread reality.
He started in the developed and highly technological and gradually spreads throughout Western society. Japan and South Korea is introducing robot after robot, each more impressive and strong US and Europe coming up.
In developed countries of Asia, at least, to share everyday life with a robot is increasingly less bizarre and increasingly widely accepted. The beneficiaries of these developments are especially elderly people, alone and with health problems or people with different disabilities.
As world population increases and ages, who will need constant support of a constant companion - whether human or robotic - are more numerous. And as in the current system, manned by specialized care has its problems, might as much of the work to recover robots - at least for lighter cases - relieving medical and social assistance, which would could thus mainly deal more complicated cases that require more subtle approach, deeper and more complex that the human being is capable.
Robots therapeutic
In 2003, the zoo world robotic creatures and has appeared Paro, an animatronic baby seal. However, unlike many animatronic pets - some very realistic imitated - put on the market by the Japanese (and cat NeCoRo, in the video below), Paro is not simply a toy: it is a therapeutic robot.
Baby seal was thought to be useful elderly and / or affected by diseases such as dementia and that loneliness and lack of affection manifestations aggravate the situation. Many previous studies had shown that the presence of an animal - dog, cat - it was a real help these people, forbidding them, calming them, helping them to relate better with the world around them. But the presence of a living animal requires from its holder, the involvement of these people are not always able; In addition, the presence of animals would create specific problems in hospitals and nursing homes.
In Japan the passion for robots, the solution seemed to everybody's mind a companion building animatronic. It remains only to make it sophisticated enough. That appeared Paro, which costs around 7,000 USD. It began to be used in 2003 in Japan and Europe, come up in North America. The successive improvements, arrived today in the eighth generation.
Equipped with several types of sensors, able to perceive the reactions and even to interpret certain emotions of people, Paro is able to interact with people in a complex and apparently very comforting for patients. Proof that after Japan, is successful in the USA, where it was tested in several nursing homes.